Attitudes towards foreigners: Elective Seminar
Oshrat Hochman, Ph.D, gesis Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften.
Immigration has many diverse effects on contemporary modern societies. It affects demographic processes, social inequality, policy and many other realms of the social life. These changes are experienced not only by the immigrants but by all members of society. In this course we focus our attention on the negative attitudes of the (native) public towards migrants and foreigners. The course will propose in introduction into the main theories explaining anti-immigrant sentiment and its reduction and empirical findings supporting these theories. Specifically, we shall focus on the role of perceptions of material and cultural ethnic competition, national sentiments, personality traits, values, and interethnic contact. Reflecting on contemporary immigration into Europe we shall also discuss anti-Islam and antisemitism as special cases of anti-foreigner sentiment.
Friday 08:30-11:45 (every second week)
Regular participation in all classes
Reading of items in the syllabus before each lecture
One paper presentation including a discussion
Submission of final assignment (TBA)
Class 1 17.2.: Introduction: What is Prejudice, and how can we explain it
Jackson, L. M. (2011). Defining prejudice. In The Psychology of Prejudice: From Attitudes to Social Action (pp.7-28). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
Zamora-Kapoor, A., Kvincic, P., & Causey, C. (2013). Anti-Foreigner Sentiment: State of the Art. Sociology Compass, 7(4), 303-314.
Class 2 3.3.: The group conflict/threat theory
Quillian, L. (1995). Prejudice as a Response to Perceived Group Threat: Population Composition and Anti-Immigrant and Racial Prejudice in Europe. American Sociological Review, 60(4), 586-611.
Semyonov, M., Raijman, R., & Gorodzeisky, A. (2006). The Rise of Anti-foreigner Sentiment in European Societies, 1988-2000. American Sociological Review, 71(3), 426-449.
Lancee, B., & Pardos‐Prado, S. (2013). Group Conflict Theory in a Longitudinal Perspective: Analyzing the Dynamic Side of Ethnic Competition. International Migration Review, 47(1), 106-131.
Class 3 17.3.: National sentiments (national identity)
Huddy, L. (2016). Unifying national identity research. In: J., Grimm, L., Huddy, P., Schmidt, & J., Seethaler (Eds.), Dynamics of National Identity. Media and societal factors of what we are (9-21). London: Routledge.
Lewin-Epstein, N., & Levanon, A. (2005). National identity and xenophobia in an ethnically divided society. International Journal on Multicultural Societies, 7(2), 90-118.
Sarrasin, O., Green, E. G. T., & Fasel, N. (2016). Critical views of the Nation, national attachment, and attitudes toward immigrants in Switzerland. In: J., Grimm, L., Huddy, P., Schmidt, & J., Seethaler (Eds.), Dynamics of National Identity. Media and societal factors of what we are (192-205). London: Routledge.
Class 4 31.3.: Personality traits
Altemeyer, B. (1988). How Do People Become Authoritarians?. In Enemies of Freedom: Understanding Right-Wing Authoritarianism (pp. 51-104). San Francisco, CA, US: Jossey-Bass.
Esses, V. M., Jackson, L. M., & Armstrong, T. L. (1998). Intergroup Competition and Attitudes Toward Immigrants and Immigration: An Instrumental Model of Group Conflict.Journal of Social Issues,54(4), 699-724.
Craig, M. A., & Richeson, J. A. (2014). Not in My Backyard! Authoritarianism, Social Dominance Orientation, and Support for Strict Immigration Policies at Home and Abroad.Political Psychology,35(3), 417-429.
Class 5 14.4.: Values
Davidov, E., & Meuleman, B. (2012). Explaining Attitudes Towards Immigration Policies in European Countries: The Role of Human Values.Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies,38(5), 757-775.
Kalir, B. (2015). The Jewish State of Anxiety: Between Moral Obligation and Fearism in the Treatment of African Asylum Seekers in Israel. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 41(4), 580-598.
Schwartz, S. H. (2007). Universalism Values and the Inclusiveness of Our Moral Universe. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 38(6), 711-728.
Class 6 28.4.: Intergroup contact
Hewstone, M., & Swart, H. (2011). Fifty‐odd years of inter‐group contact: From hypothesis to integrated theory. British Journal of Social Psychology, 50(3), 374-386.
Pettigrew, T. F., Tropp, L. R., Wagner, U., & Christ, O. (2011). Recent advances in intergroup contact theory. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 35(3), 271-280.
Martinović, B. (2013). The Inter-Ethnic Contacts of Immigrants and Natives in the Netherlands: A Two-Sided Perspective. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 39(1), 69-85.
Class 7 12.5.: Anti-Islam / Antisemitism
Carol, S., Helbling, M., & Michalowski, I. (2015). A Struggle over Religious Rights? How Muslim Immigrants and Christian Natives View the Accommodation of Religion in Six European Countries. Social Forces, 94(2), 647-671.
Bergmann, W. (2008). Anti‐Semitic Attitudes in Europe: A Comparative Perspective. Journal of Social Issues, 64(2), 343-362.