We explore technical and empirical questions concerning the development of global, decentralized information environments. Our current focus is the evolution of the World Wide Web from a medium for the publication of documents into a global dataspace. Our empirical work is accompanying this evolution by monitoring the adoption of Semantic Markup and Linked Data technologies on the Web. Our technical work focuses on integrating data from large numbers of Web data sources and includes topics such as information extraction, identity resolution, schema matching, data fusion, and data search. We apply the developed methods for the tasks of integrating product data from large numbers of e-shops as well as for creating large-scale knowledge bases such as DBpedia.