Members of the Data and Web Science Group are involved in the following third-party-funded research projects:
Social inequalities in health are a key challenge and can be largely traced back to social differences in health behaviors, such as food decisions. Food decisions are one of the key behaviors to preserve health and prevent chronic-degenerative diseases that are the major cause of death in Western countries. Yet surprisingly little is known about how, when, where, and by whom these food decisions are made. The goal of the proposed research project is to further develop and apply a multi-method approach which combines methods from informatics, sociology, and psychology to better understand everyday social decisions, using the example of family food-decisions. Developing such externally valid methods that take the social context into account is central to better understand inequalities in nutrition and health.
Duration: 2023 – 2024
Academic Partners: Chair of Health Psychology (Jutta Mata), Professorship for Social Data Science and Methodology (Florian Keusch)
Funded by: MZES
TransforMA consolidates existing transfer activities and networks of the participating universities and utilizes them as a catalyst for expanding connections between universities, industry, and society.
In the subproject 'Technology Demonstrators,' a demo apartment is set up to showcase the use of modern technologies to support daily life. The demonstrator by the University of Mannheim is being developed by the Chair of Artificial Intelligence and focuses on the topics of health and nutrition within the context of a demo kitchen.
Duration: 2023 – 2027
Academic Partners: Hochschule Mannheim
Funded by: BMBF
In the research project KISync, we aim to investigate how artificial intelligence (AI) methods need to be applied to synchronize the decision problems of various processes in operational supply chain planning under the influence of uncertainties. The focus will primarily be on the intra-company planning in competitive supply chains with limited information exchange. Another key aspect is the question of how AI can form synergies with humans to improve decision-making in complex situations in supply chain management and sustainably enhance cross-process data competence of humans.
Duration: 2022 – 2025
Academic Partners: Institut für Logistik und Materialflusstechnik (ILM), University of Magdeburg
Funded By: BMBF
The goal of this project proposal is the development of an AI-based system for the semantic classification and tagging of all documents generated and accumulated during a construction project. These documents, including plans, will be aggregated into clusters and visualized according to their themes. By eliminating the need for manual categorization, tagging, and clustering of information, the error rate is significantly reduced, and efficiency is enhanced.
Duration: 2023 – 2024
Academic Partners: bwcon Research gGmbH
funded by: investBW
The Smart Cities model projects are aimed at supporting municipalities by enabling the strategic use of digitalization for integrated and sustainable urban development. The objective of this funding program is to develop and test cross-sector digital strategies for the city of the future. Mannheim is one of 73 cities that have convinced the Federal Ministry of Housing, Urban Development, and Building with the project proposal “sMArt roots.”
The focal point of the sMArt roots project is an agile process for the development and implementation of a validated and interconnected Smart City strategy for Mannheim. The project is divided into two phases: Phase A : Development of the Smart City strategy for Mannheim. Phase B: Model implementation of the developed Smart City measures.
Academic Partners: Hochschule Mannheim
funded by: BMI
Consequences of AI for Urban Societies (CAIUS) is a joint research project by Ludwig Maximilian University Munich, University of Mannheim, and Hochschule Mannheim. CAIUS will help to identify unintended effects of AI systems in smart city contexts. AI systems help to efficiently allocate scarce public resources and are at the core of many smart city activities. Yet, the same systems may also result in unintended societal consequences, particularly by reinforcing social inequalities. CAIUS will identify and analyze such consequences.
Duration: 2019 – 2025
Academic Partners: LMU Munich, Hochschule Mannheim,
Funded by: Volkswagen Foundation
Nowadays there is a growing trend in many scientific disciplines to support researchers by providing enhanced information access through linking of publications and underlying datasets. Open Science encourages scientiﬁc practices in which all research data is interlinked and contextualized to enhance reproducibility and reusability of research results. However, in practice, standards for referencing between primary text and the cited data and its variables are often missing. The goal of the VADIS project is to enable researchers to search for survey variables in context and thereby help to increase the reproducibility of research results.
We achieve this by combining text mining techniques and semantic web technologies that identify and exploit links between publications, their topics, and the specific variables that are covered in the surveys. These semantic links in scientific texts build the basis for the development of applications to give users better access to scientific literature such as passage search, summarization, and information retrieval.
Duration: 2021 – 2024
Academic Partners: GESIS, Stuttgart Media University, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI
Funded by: DFG, e-Research Technologies
This project explores how the framing of entities in political text is being used to deliver ideological messages. We investigate how we can automatically acquire machine-readable and human-interpretable representations of ideological framing that capture overt and latent similarities across political actors. Our approach brings together ideas from the Narrative Policy Framework, Moral Foundations Theory and frame-semantic parsing. Specifically, we model ideological framing, based on entity-centric and topic-specific ideological frames, their participants and latent moral values. We then use our representations to investigate research questions focusing on frame and ideology coherence as well as the evolution of frames over time, based on a series of highly relevant case studies of contemporary German party politics.
Duration: 2023 – 2026
Funded by: DFG
The rise of populism in Europe and throughout the world has been noted not only in politics and the media but has also been subject of many studies in political science and related areas. The concept of populism, however, is rather complex and vague and eludes strict definition. Therefore, we aim at laying the grounds for developing robust and reliable measures of populism, by combining insights from political science with quantitative text analysis and state-of-the-art Natural Language Processing (NLP) methodologies. To achieve this, we use information extraction techniques to identify the core protagonistis of populist rhetoric, i.e., mentions of the people (such as: Germans, tax payers, Muslims, Gabi Mustermann, etc.) and the elite (e.g., government, media, private sector, EU, politicians, intellectuals, ...). We then apply supervised machine learning techniques to disambiguate these mentions in context, leveraging additional information on subjective expressions and moral values, to model the concept of moralized politics. Aggregating over these informational dimensions will allow us to quantify the degree of populism for different speakers, parties, or media outlets.
Academic Partners: MZES
funded by: RiSC Programm MWFK BaWü
In this project, we analyze the prevalence of hate speech on German Twitter using techniques such as natural language processing and network analysis. We will analyze and quantify the effect of the German Network Enforcement Act (NetzDG) on hate speech on Twitter, as well as consider recent changes, such as the takeover of Twitter by Elon Musk.
Project duration: 2023–2025
Funded by: German Foundation for Peace Research
Academic Partners: ZEW, Erasmus Universit Rotterdam
TEAMING.AI will develop a software platform for human-AI teaming. The main developed technologies are dedicated to the Knowledge Graph Engine, the TEAMING.AI Engine and mechanisms for exploiting the underlying knowledge graph for constraint checking and mining for recommendations, in a dynamic setting. The conceptualisation of human-AI teaming by means of a knowledge graph for modelling teaming interdependencies, skills, tasks and workflows is at the heart of the project, complemented by rule-based techniques for checking consistency and more advanced relational machine learning techniques for on-going evaluation.
Project duration: 2021–2024
Funded by: European Commission
Academic Partners: TU Dublin, WU Vienna, IDEKO, Profactor, Software Competence Center Hagenberg
Within the context of the research program for the public welfare-oriented use of artificial intelligence (AI), the project “Kartellrechtskonforme KI (KarekoKI)” (~competition law-compliant AI) is being implemented as a collaborative effort between the Chair of Public Law, Regulatory Law and Tax Law as well as the Chair of Data Sciene. With the help of a market simulation, which is supported by AI-controlled agents as well as data gained from online shops, a legal framework and strategies for the technical prevention of AI-based price fixing are to be developed.
Project duration: 2020- 2023
Overall budget: 383.000 EUR
Funded by: BW Stiftung